Volume 14 Issue 4
Jul.  2023
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WEI Mengchao, WANG Wenda, WANG Shijun, ZHANG Zhijun, WEN Jin. Preliminary Efficacy of Combined Laparoscopy and Cystoscopy in the Treatment of Bladder Diverticula[J]. Medical Journal of Peking Union Medical College Hospital, 2023, 14(4): 802-807. doi: 10.12290/xhyxzz.2023-0044
Citation: WEI Mengchao, WANG Wenda, WANG Shijun, ZHANG Zhijun, WEN Jin. Preliminary Efficacy of Combined Laparoscopy and Cystoscopy in the Treatment of Bladder Diverticula[J]. Medical Journal of Peking Union Medical College Hospital, 2023, 14(4): 802-807. doi: 10.12290/xhyxzz.2023-0044

Preliminary Efficacy of Combined Laparoscopy and Cystoscopy in the Treatment of Bladder Diverticula

doi: 10.12290/xhyxzz.2023-0044
Funds:

National High Level Hospital Clinical Research Funding 2022-PUMCH-C-044

More Information
  • Corresponding author: WEN Jin, E-mail: wjpumch@163.com
  • Received Date: 2023-01-27
  • Accepted Date: 2023-05-06
  • Publish Date: 2023-07-30
  •   Objective  To exploratively analyze the efficacy and safety of combined laparoscopy and cystoscopy in the treatment of bladder diverticula.  Methods  Clinical data of patients who received bladder diverticulectomy in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from March 2007 to September 2022 were retrospectively collected.The patients were divided into open/laparoscopy alone group and combined laparoscopy and cystoscopy group based on surgical approach.Surgery-related outcomes and complication rates were compared.  Results  A total of 11 patients with bladder diverticula who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria were enrolled in thestudy, including 6 patients in the open/laparoscopy alone group and 5 patients in the combined laparoscopy and cystoscopy group.The median maximum diameter of diverticula in the open/laparoscopy alone group and combined laparoscopy and cystoscopy group were 7.5(4.5, 11.5) cm and 5.2(5.0, 7.9) cm, respectively, and the median diameter of diverticula neck were 1.1(1.0, 1.6) cm and 1.5(1.1, 1.8) cm, respectively.Operations were successfully performed in both two groups and the patients had normal urination after drawing the catheter.No recurrence of bladder diverticulum at 6 to 60 months of follow-up.The median operative time[150.0(142.5, 180.0) min vs. 160.0(108.8, 300.0) min], blood loss[50.0(35.0, 50.0) mL vs. 50.0(45.0, 62.5) mL]and indwelling time of drainage tube[5.0(3.5, 5.5) d vs. 4.5(4.0, 6.8) d]were similar between the two group.Compared to the open/laparoscopy alone group, the combined laparoscopy and cystoscopy group had a shorter postoperative hospital stay[6.0(6.0, 8.5) d vs. 9.5(7.0, 16.0) d]and longer indwelling time of urinary catheter[14.0(10.5, 14.0) d vs. 11.5(6.5, 13.3) d].No complications occurred in the combined laparoscopy and cystoscopy group.In the open/laparoscopy alone group, 2 patients underwent postoperative complications, including 1 patient with deep vein thrombosis of the lower extremities and 1 patient with hyperpyrexia.  Conclusion  Preliminary results show that cystoscopy combined with laparoscopic resection for bladder diverticula can achieve similar outcomes as open surgery alone or laparoscopic surgery, and with greater safety and faster postoperative patient recovery.
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