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磁共振引导聚焦超声:现状与前景

周慷 石海峰 苏佰燕 薛华丹 金征宇

周慷, 石海峰, 苏佰燕, 薛华丹, 金征宇. 磁共振引导聚焦超声:现状与前景[J]. 协和医学杂志, 2020, 11(1): 1-5. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-9081.20190202
引用本文: 周慷, 石海峰, 苏佰燕, 薛华丹, 金征宇. 磁共振引导聚焦超声:现状与前景[J]. 协和医学杂志, 2020, 11(1): 1-5. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-9081.20190202
Kang ZHOU, Hai-feng SHI, Bai-yan SU, Hua-dan XUE, Zheng-yu JIN. Magnetic Resonance-guided Focused Ultrasound: Present and Prospect[J]. Medical Journal of Peking Union Medical College Hospital, 2020, 11(1): 1-5. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-9081.20190202
Citation: Kang ZHOU, Hai-feng SHI, Bai-yan SU, Hua-dan XUE, Zheng-yu JIN. Magnetic Resonance-guided Focused Ultrasound: Present and Prospect[J]. Medical Journal of Peking Union Medical College Hospital, 2020, 11(1): 1-5. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-9081.20190202

磁共振引导聚焦超声:现状与前景

doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-9081.20190202
基金项目: 

中国医学科学院中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项项目 2019PT320008

中国医学科学院中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项项目 2018PT32003

中国医学科学院中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项项目 2017PT32004

详细信息
    通讯作者:

    金征宇 电话:010-69155441, E-mail:jin_zhengyu@163.com

  • 中图分类号: R445.1

Magnetic Resonance-guided Focused Ultrasound: Present and Prospect

More Information
  • 摘要: 磁共振引导聚焦超声是近年出现的肿瘤热消融技术, 利用超声束可穿过软组织并聚焦于靶区的特点, 使靶区产生高温, 致使组织凝固坏死, 并通过磁共振实时监控治疗范围及靶区内温度变化, 从而保证治疗效果及安全性。这种技术的优势在于完全无创、无须住院治疗、无须麻醉(仅需少量镇静剂)、无离子辐射, 目前已广泛应用于子宫肌瘤/腺肌症、骨肿瘤、前列腺癌、功能性神经疾病、乳腺癌等的临床治疗, 成为国内外研究的热点。
    利益冲突  无
  • 图  1  不同国家或地区磁共振引导聚焦超声治疗适应证时间线[3]

    图  2  磁共振引导聚焦超声治疗乳腺癌前后MR图像比较

    A.术前增强MR图像可见明显强化的肿瘤组织(箭头);B.术后即刻增强MR图像可见无灌注区域完全覆盖肿瘤区域(箭头)

    图  3  1例子宫肌瘤患者接受磁共振引导聚焦超声治疗的MR图像

    A、B.治疗前T2WI及T1WI增强图像示子宫前壁肌瘤(箭头);C、D.治疗后6个月T2WI及T1WI增强图像示子宫肌瘤完全坏死,且体积明显缩小(箭头)

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2019-09-20
  • 刊出日期:  2020-01-30

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