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临床流行病学和循证医学的学科建设

刘晓清 吴东

刘晓清, 吴东. 临床流行病学和循证医学的学科建设[J]. 协和医学杂志, 2019, 10(4): 398-402. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-9081.2019.04.017
引用本文: 刘晓清, 吴东. 临床流行病学和循证医学的学科建设[J]. 协和医学杂志, 2019, 10(4): 398-402. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-9081.2019.04.017
Xiao-qing LIU, Dong WU. Discipline Construction of Clinical Epidemiology and Evidence-based Medicine:What, Who, Where, and Whither?[J]. Medical Journal of Peking Union Medical College Hospital, 2019, 10(4): 398-402. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-9081.2019.04.017
Citation: Xiao-qing LIU, Dong WU. Discipline Construction of Clinical Epidemiology and Evidence-based Medicine:What, Who, Where, and Whither?[J]. Medical Journal of Peking Union Medical College Hospital, 2019, 10(4): 398-402. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-9081.2019.04.017

临床流行病学和循证医学的学科建设

doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-9081.2019.04.017
基金项目: 

北京协和医学院教育教学改革立项项目 2013zlgc0115

北京协和医学院研究生教育教学改革项目 10023201600109

详细信息
    通讯作者:

    刘晓清电话:010-69155087,E-mail:liuxqpumch@126.com/liuxqpumch@126.com

  • 中图分类号: R-1

Discipline Construction of Clinical Epidemiology and Evidence-based Medicine:What, Who, Where, and Whither?

More Information
  • 摘要: 临床流行病学是在临床医学领域内引入现代流行病学和统计学方法,从患病个体诊治扩大到患病群体研究,以探讨疾病病因、预防、诊断、治疗、预后等规律的临床基础学科。循证医学的核心思想是通过检索、评价和应用证据,结合医生技术经验和患者的具体情况,经医患共同决策作出符合患者需求的利大于弊的诊疗决定。加拿大McMaster大学的David Sackett及其学生Gorden Guyatt先后对临床流行病学这门学科的建立、完善和传播,对循证医学概念的提出、发展和推动,起到了里程碑式的作用。20世纪80年代初,我国第一批追随David Sackett的医生方法学家引入了临床流行病学的核心思想,即临床研究的设计、测量和评价,90年代又引入了循证医学的理念。30年来,临床流行病学和循证医学在我国生根、发芽、开花、结果,对我国现代医学的发展起到了巨大推动作用。在全面建设“健康中国”的新时代,加强临床流行病学和循证医学的学科建设刻不容缓。
    利益冲突  无
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2019-06-13
  • 刊出日期:  2019-07-30

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