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北京协和医院成人新型冠状病毒感染实用诊疗建议(2023)

北京协和医院新型冠状病毒感染诊疗多学科专家组

北京协和医院新型冠状病毒感染诊疗多学科专家组. 北京协和医院成人新型冠状病毒感染实用诊疗建议(2023)[J]. 协和医学杂志, 2023, 14(1): 50-59. doi: 10.12290/xhyxzz.2023-0003
引用本文: 北京协和医院新型冠状病毒感染诊疗多学科专家组. 北京协和医院成人新型冠状病毒感染实用诊疗建议(2023)[J]. 协和医学杂志, 2023, 14(1): 50-59. doi: 10.12290/xhyxzz.2023-0003
Multi-disciplinary Expert Team for COVID-19, Peking Union Medical College Hospital. Diagnosis and Clinical Management of COVID-19 Infection in Adults: Operational Recommendations of Peking Union Medical College Hospital (2023)[J]. Medical Journal of Peking Union Medical College Hospital, 2023, 14(1): 50-59. doi: 10.12290/xhyxzz.2023-0003
Citation: Multi-disciplinary Expert Team for COVID-19, Peking Union Medical College Hospital. Diagnosis and Clinical Management of COVID-19 Infection in Adults: Operational Recommendations of Peking Union Medical College Hospital (2023)[J]. Medical Journal of Peking Union Medical College Hospital, 2023, 14(1): 50-59. doi: 10.12290/xhyxzz.2023-0003

北京协和医院成人新型冠状病毒感染实用诊疗建议(2023)

doi: 10.12290/xhyxzz.2023-0003
详细信息

    通信作者:王孟昭1, E-mail: mengzhaowang@sina.com
    张抒扬2, 3, E-mail:shuyangzhang103@163.com
    1. 中国医学科学院北京协和医院呼吸与危重症医学科,北京 100730
    2. 中国医学科学院北京协和医院心内科,北京 100730
    3. 中国医学科学院北京协和医院疑难重症及罕见病国家重点实验室,北京 100730

  • 中图分类号: R511

Diagnosis and Clinical Management of COVID-19 Infection in Adults: Operational Recommendations of Peking Union Medical College Hospital (2023)

More Information

    Corresponding authors: WANG Mengzhao1, E-mail: mengzhaowang@sina.com
    ZHANG Shuyang2, 3, E-mail: shuyangzhang103@163.com
    1. Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100730, China
    2. Department of Cardiology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100730, China
    3. State Key Laboratory of Complex Severe and Rare Diseases, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100730, China

  • 摘要: 随着我国疫情防控措施的科学调整,新型冠状病毒感染患者尤其是重症、危重症患者的救治成为医务人员现阶段的工作重点。疫情发生以来,北京协和医院在新型冠状病毒感染救治方面积累了较多经验,在结合众多国际循征医学证据的基础上,新型冠状病毒感染诊疗多学科专家组编写了《北京协和医院成人新型冠状病毒感染实用诊疗建议(2023)》。秉承循证、简洁、临床可操作的原则,本诊疗建议对目前最新研究证据进行整合,对于缺乏循证医学证据的关键临床问题,结合北京协和医院一线临床工作经验和专家意见给出一定推荐,旨在提升医务人员对新冠病毒感染及其危重症的认识,提高患者救治水平。
    作者贡献:本诊疗建议由北京协和医院新型冠状病毒感染诊疗多学科协作组发起并完成,张抒扬领导和组织了本编写小组,并任命王孟昭全权负责编写小组对本建议的撰写工作;范俊平、留永健、徐燕、田欣伦、王京岚共同起草了建议初稿,并在张抒扬和王孟昭的组织下对本建议进行讨论和修订,凝练推荐意见;杜斌、范俊平、黄慧、韩江娜、李太生、隆云、留永健、马小军、施举红、田欣伦、王京岚、翁利、王珞、王孟昭、谢怀娅、徐燕、徐英春、杨燕丽、张波、张弘、朱华栋、赵静、张抒扬共同参与了本建议的第2次商讨修订工作;王孟昭对全文进行最终审校后形成终稿。
    利益冲突:所有参与本建议制定的人员均声明不存在利益冲突
    本建议编写组成员 (按姓氏首字母排序):
    杜斌(中国医学科学院北京协和医院内科ICU),范俊平(中国医学科学院北京协和医院呼吸与危重症医学科),韩江娜(中国医学科学院北京协和医院呼吸与危重症医学科),黄慧(中国医学科学院北京协和医院呼吸与危重症医学科),李太生(中国医学科学院北京协和医院感染科),留永健(中国医学科学院北京协和医院呼吸与危重症医学科),隆云(中国医学科学院北京协和医院重症医学科),马小军(中国医学科学院北京协和医院感染科/医务处),施举红(中国医学科学院北京协和医院呼吸与危重症医学科),田欣伦(中国医学科学院北京协和医院呼吸与危重症医学科),王京岚(中国医学科学院北京协和医院呼吸与危重症医学科),翁利(中国医学科学院北京协和医院内科ICU),王珞(中国医学科学院北京协和医院呼吸与危重症医学科),王孟昭(中国医学科学院北京协和医院呼吸与危重症医学科),谢怀娅(中国医学科学院北京协和医院内科),徐燕(中国医学科学院北京协和医院呼吸与危重症医学科),徐英春(中国医学科学院北京协和医院检验科),杨燕丽(中国医学科学院北京协和医院呼吸与危重症医学科),张波(中国医学科学院北京协和医院药剂科),张弘(中国医学科学院北京协和医院呼吸与危重症医学科),赵静(中国医学科学院北京协和医院呼吸与危重症医学科),张抒扬(中国医学科学院北京协和医院心内科/疑难重症及罕见病国家重点实验室),朱华栋(中国医学科学院北京协和医院急诊科)
    执笔人:范俊平,留永健,徐燕,田欣伦,王京岚
  • 图  1  成人新冠病毒感染患者疾病分级参考[1-2]

    图  2  成人新冠病毒感染患者住院治疗流程图(改编自uptodate.com/COVID-19: Management in hospitalized adults)

    HFNC:经鼻高流量氧疗;NIV:无创通气;ECMO:同表 2

    图  3  成人新冠病毒感染整体管理流程

    IL: 白细胞介素

    表  1  成人新冠病毒感染患者门诊治疗推荐[4]

    患者情况 推荐
    不需要住院 所有患者:
    不需要吸氧     ①对症治疗
        ②不推荐常规加用糖皮质激素,建议主诊医师根据具体病情决定是否使用
    有发展为重症/危重症危险的人群:
        ①奈玛特韦/利托那韦(Paxlovid)
        ②莫诺拉韦(Molnupiravir)
    病情稳定的出院患者(即使需要吸氧) 不推荐出院后继续使用糖皮质激素或巴瑞替尼
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  成人新冠病毒感染住院患者的治疗推荐[15]

    病情严重度 抗病毒/免疫调节治疗 抗凝治疗
    (无禁忌证的住院患者均建议抗凝治疗)
    临床情况 建议
    无需吸氧 所有患者
    有重症高危因素者
    不常规推荐使用激素
    抗病毒治疗*
    预防量肝素抗凝:适用于无其他指征、需要治疗量抗凝的患者;妊娠期患者
    常规吸氧(鼻导管、面罩) 只需小量常规吸氧
    大部分患者

    激素治疗中吸氧需求迅速增加,伴炎症指标显著升高
    抗病毒治疗*
    ①激素
    ②尽量联合抗病毒治疗*
    加用托珠单抗或巴瑞替尼
    治疗量肝素抗凝:D-二聚体升高者(非妊娠,无明显出血风险者
    预防量肝素抗凝:其他患者;妊娠期患者
    高流量吸氧或无创通气 大部分患者 ①激素
    ②尽量加用托珠单抗或巴瑞替尼
    ③酌情联合抗病毒治疗
    预防量肝素抗凝:适用于无其他需要治疗量抗凝指征的患者;妊娠期患者;由普通病房转ICU者,若原先已接受治疗量抗凝,则改为预防量抗凝,除非有其他指征需要治疗量抗凝
    机械通气或ECMO 大部分患者 ①激素
    ②尽量加用托珠单抗或巴瑞替尼
    *NIH指南中推荐的抗病毒治疗药物主要为瑞德西韦(Remdesivir),国内尚未上市;ECMO:体外膜肺氧合
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2023-01-02
  • 录用日期:  2023-01-03
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-01-11
  • 刊出日期:  2023-01-30

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