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超声与磁共振对类风湿关节炎腕手关节病变诊断价值的比较

徐钟慧 冷晓梅 郑福玲 王蕾 戴晴

徐钟慧, 冷晓梅, 郑福玲, 王蕾, 戴晴. 超声与磁共振对类风湿关节炎腕手关节病变诊断价值的比较[J]. 协和医学杂志, 2014, 5(1): 41-45. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-9081.2014.01.010
引用本文: 徐钟慧, 冷晓梅, 郑福玲, 王蕾, 戴晴. 超声与磁共振对类风湿关节炎腕手关节病变诊断价值的比较[J]. 协和医学杂志, 2014, 5(1): 41-45. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-9081.2014.01.010
Zhong-hui XU, Xiao-mei LENG, Fu-ling ZHENG, Lei WANG, Qing DAI. Comparison of Ultrasound and Magnetic Resonance Imaging in the Evaluation of Hand and Wrist Joint Involvement in Rheumatoid Arthritis[J]. Medical Journal of Peking Union Medical College Hospital, 2014, 5(1): 41-45. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-9081.2014.01.010
Citation: Zhong-hui XU, Xiao-mei LENG, Fu-ling ZHENG, Lei WANG, Qing DAI. Comparison of Ultrasound and Magnetic Resonance Imaging in the Evaluation of Hand and Wrist Joint Involvement in Rheumatoid Arthritis[J]. Medical Journal of Peking Union Medical College Hospital, 2014, 5(1): 41-45. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-9081.2014.01.010

超声与磁共振对类风湿关节炎腕手关节病变诊断价值的比较

doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-9081.2014.01.010
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    戴晴 电话:010-69155497, E-mail:qingdai_2000@yahoo.com

  • 中图分类号: R445.1

Comparison of Ultrasound and Magnetic Resonance Imaging in the Evaluation of Hand and Wrist Joint Involvement in Rheumatoid Arthritis

More Information
  • 摘要:   目的  探讨类风湿关节炎腕手部关节病变的超声和磁共振病变分布特征并比较二者的诊断价值。  方法  对11例类风湿关节炎患者进行腕手部超声和磁共振检查, 计算两种影像方法对腕手部关节滑膜炎、骨质侵蚀和肌腱病变的检出率, 以磁共振为金标准评价超声对腕手部关节各种病变的诊断效力。  结果  共评价腕手部103个关节和112个肌腱区域。超声和磁共振对腕手部关节滑膜炎、骨质侵蚀、肌腱病变的检出率分别为59.2%、11.7%、18.8%和62.1%、14.6%、32.1%。腕关节三种病变检出率均高于掌指关节和指间关节。腕部伸肌腱病变检出率高于屈肌腱, 掌指关节屈肌腱病变检出率高于伸肌腱。与磁共振相比, 超声对腕手部关节滑膜炎、骨质侵蚀、肌腱病变的诊断敏感性为92.2%、73.3%、59.5%, 特异性为94.9%、97.7%、98.6%, 阳性预测值为96.7%、84.6%、96.2%, 阴性预测值为88.1%、95.6%、80.2%。  结论  类风湿关节炎腕部受累较掌指关节和近端指间关节常见, 腕部伸肌腱病变较屈肌腱病变常见, 掌指关节处屈肌腱病变较伸肌腱病变常见。以磁共振为对照, 超声检查对腕关节各种病变诊断准确率较高, 对掌指关节处伸肌腱病变诊断敏感性较低。
  • 图  1  滑膜炎、骨质侵蚀的超声诊断标准

    A.正常关节骨表面平滑连续,箭头所示为骨关节囊距离测量方法;B.滑膜增厚表现为骨关节囊距离增大,呈低回声;C.箭头所示为骨质侵蚀灶BONE:骨;S:滑膜炎

    图  2  腱鞘炎超声诊断标准

    A.正常肌腱横切面,箭头所示为腱鞘测量方法;B.腱鞘炎患者肌腱横切面,箭头之间低回声为增厚的腱鞘BONE:同图 1;T:肌腱

    表  1  超声和磁共振对腕手部关节病变的检出率

    病变 部位 关节数/例数 磁共振   超声
    关节检出数/检出例数 百分比(%)   关节检出数/检出例数 百分比(%)
    滑膜炎 W 22/11 17/11 77.3/100   15/10 68.2/90.9
      MCP 45/9 23/6 51.1/66.7   24/6 53.3/66.7
      PIP 36/9 24/7 66.7/77.8   22/7 61.1/77.8
      合计 103/11 64/11 62.1/100   61/10 59.2/90.9
    骨质侵蚀 W 22/11 12/8 54.5/72.7   10/7 45.5/63.6
      MCP 45/9 2/2 4.4/22.2   1/1 2.2/11.1
      PIP 36/9 1/1 2.8/11.1   1/1 2.8/11.1
      合计 103/11 15/8 14.6/72.7   12/7 11.7/63.6
    肌腱病变 W-F 11/11 5/5 45.5/45.5   4/4 36.4/36.4
      W-E 11/11 8/8 72.7/72.7   7/7 63.6/63.6
      MCP-F 45/9 18/6 40.0/66.7   9/4 20.0/44.4
      MCP-E 45/9 7/4 15.6/44.4   1/1 2.2/11.1
      合计 112/11 36/8 32.1/72.7   21/7 18.8/63.6
    W:腕关节;MCP:掌指关节;PIP:近端指间关节;F:屈肌腱;E:伸肌腱
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  超声对腕手部关节滑膜炎、骨质侵蚀、肌腱病变的诊断效力(%)

    病变 部位 敏感性 特异性 阳性预测值 阴性预测值
    滑膜炎 W 82.4 80.0 93.3 57.1
      MCP 100.0 95.5 95.8 100.0
      PIP 91.7 100.0 100.0 85.7
      合计 92.2 94.9 96.7 88.1
    骨质侵蚀 W 75.0 12/8 90.0 75.0
      MCP 50.0 97.7 50.0 97.7
      PIP 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
      合计 73.3 97.7 84.6 95.6
    肌腱病变 W 84.6 100.0 100.0 81.8
      MCP-F 50.0 100.0 100.0 75.0
      MCP-E 14.3 100.0 100.0 86.4
      合计 59.5 98.6 96.2 80.2
    W、MCP、PIP、F、E:同表 1
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2013-10-30
  • 刊出日期:  2014-01-30

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