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警惕诺如病毒的流行及暴发

周梦兰 王瑶 徐英春 吴洁 伊洁 孙芳艳 陈雨

周梦兰, 王瑶, 徐英春, 吴洁, 伊洁, 孙芳艳, 陈雨. 警惕诺如病毒的流行及暴发[J]. 协和医学杂志, 2021, 12(4): 433-437. doi: 10.12290/xhyxzz.2020-0091
引用本文: 周梦兰, 王瑶, 徐英春, 吴洁, 伊洁, 孙芳艳, 陈雨. 警惕诺如病毒的流行及暴发[J]. 协和医学杂志, 2021, 12(4): 433-437. doi: 10.12290/xhyxzz.2020-0091
ZHOU Menglan, WANG Yao, XU Yingchun, WU Jie, YI 1jie, SUN Fangyan, CHEN Yu. Be on the Alert for Norovirus Epidemics and Outbreaks[J]. Medical Journal of Peking Union Medical College Hospital, 2021, 12(4): 433-437. doi: 10.12290/xhyxzz.2020-0091
Citation: ZHOU Menglan, WANG Yao, XU Yingchun, WU Jie, YI 1jie, SUN Fangyan, CHEN Yu. Be on the Alert for Norovirus Epidemics and Outbreaks[J]. Medical Journal of Peking Union Medical College Hospital, 2021, 12(4): 433-437. doi: 10.12290/xhyxzz.2020-0091

警惕诺如病毒的流行及暴发

doi: 10.12290/xhyxzz.2020-0091
基金项目: 

国家重点研发计划:新发和重大食源性疾病标准化诊断、调查及处置技术体系研究 2017YFC1601502

中国医学科学院医学与健康科技创新工程:重要新发突发传染病生物安全基础与防控技术研究 2016-I2M-1-014

详细信息
    通讯作者:

    陈雨  电话:010-69159742,E-mail:c_yu@sina.com

  • 中图分类号: R446.1;R446.5

Be on the Alert for Norovirus Epidemics and Outbreaks

Funds: 

National Key Research and Development Program of China 2017YFC1601502

CAMS Innovation Fund for Medical Sciences 2016-I2M-1-014

More Information
    Corresponding author: CHEN Yu  Tel: 86-10-69159742, E-mail: c_yu@sina.com
  • 摘要: 诺如病毒(norovirus, NV)是一种线性单链正向RNA病毒,是引起人急性胃肠炎流行和暴发的主要病原体,其传播途径复杂,低载量即可引起感染。现有实验室检测方法多样,包括直接电镜检测法、免疫检测法和分子生物学检测法。警惕NV的流行及暴发、规范病例管理、保持手卫生、清洁消毒环境、开展健康教育是NV感染防控的关键。
    作者贡献:周梦兰负责查阅文献,撰写文章;徐英春、陈雨负责修改文章;吴洁、伊洁、孙芳艳负责审核文章。
    利益冲突:
  • 图  1  人诺如病毒颗粒电镜结构图[4]

    图  2  人诺如病毒基因组[6]

    P48:氨基末端蛋白;NTPase:核苷三磷酸酶;p22:3A样蛋白;VPg:基因组连接病毒蛋白;Pro:蛋白酶;Pol:RNA依赖的RNA聚合酶;VP1:主要衣壳蛋白;VP2:次要衣壳蛋白

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2020-12-24
  • 录用日期:  2020-12-28
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-01-04
  • 刊出日期:  2021-07-30

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